Either a transvaginal or transabdominal pelvic USS is conducted on consenting women at the clinical follow-up to examine their reproductive organs. The pelvic USS results provide clinical data on diagnosis of uterine fibroids, polycystic ovaries and some of the endometriosis cases. Both transvaginal and transabdominal USS are safe, risk-free tests routinely https://asian-date.net/western-asia/cyprus-women conducted in gynaecology clinics.
- Human rights activism in Cyprus is expanding and its major focus of operation is around migration, sexual and reproductive rights and trafficking.
- In the past, Cyprus women’s main expectations were to get married and have children.
- Migrants are vulnerable to exploitation and abuse, and laws and policies in the nation do not offer adequate protection.
- Female unemployment rate was found to be 14%, as opposed to 7.6% for men, and 32.6% of all employees were women.
A multi-disciplinary NRM provided standard operating procedures for identifying and referring victims to services, including an operational manual, written guidance for first responders, and guidelines specifically for children. The NRM required first responders to conduct preliminary identification of potential victims and refer potential victims to SWS. SWS officers provided potential victims with information and notified the ATU, who officially identified victims. Civil society reported the implementation of the NRM improved during the reporting period; however, SWS continued to respond slowly to referrals of potential victims and failed to refer all potential victims to ATU for official identification procedures. Additionally, SWS continued to lack the capacity to maintain contact with potential victims, and some potential victims did not have access to adequate accommodations and financial assistance.
As in previous years, observers report that a number of women, some of whom are trafficking victims, entered the “TRNC” on three-month tourist or student visas and engaged in commercial sex in apartments in north Nicosia, Kyrenia, and Famagusta. Migrants, asylum seekers, LGBTIQ+ persons, refugees, and their children are also at risk for sexual exploitation. Observers report traffickers shifted tactics during the pandemic, forcing female sex trafficking victims to visit clients’ homes due to the drop in demand at nightclubs and often marketed home visits to potential clients under the guise of massage services.
Civil society report traffickers allegedly facing financial hardship due to the pandemic act with increased aggression towards victims. The Government of the Republic of Cyprus does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included prosecuting more traffickers and significantly increasing resources to the Social Welfare Services-run anti-trafficking shelter and resources for rent allowances and financial assistance for victims.
Descriptive statistics including characterisation of the women participating in the study will be provided where the prevalence rates (and 95% confidence intervals) for self-reported and clinically validated medical conditions will be estimated. Association of life-style factors and various symptomatology between determined disease case groups and healthy controls will be investigated using the statistical computing software package R.
In the nation’s 2001 parliamentary elections, six out of eighty-five women candidates won seats. In the 2005 elections, the number of seats won by women increased to just eight despite a strong advocacy campaign by the Cyprus National Machinery for Women’s Rights. Two women Members of Parliament were in 2009 elected to the European Parliament, and while this is a positive thing, it depleted the numbers of women in the Cypriot national assembly.
What is the State of Women’s Rights in Cyprus?
SWS deployed 42 officers to assist asylum seekers, including screening for trafficking indicators, and the police anti-trafficking unit adopted a new victim identification form. An international organization reported “a high standard of accommodation” at the SWS-run shelter, while civil society reported the implementation of the national referral mechanism improved during the reporting period. However, these efforts were not serious and sustained compared to the efforts during the previous reporting period, even considering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the government’s anti-trafficking capacity. Although the government identified roughly the same number of victims, authorities investigated fewer suspects, and, for the third consecutive year, courts did not convict any perpetrators under the trafficking law. Court proceedings for most crimes lasted years, and foreign victims and witnesses often returned to their countries of origin without an adequate means to ensure the continued inclusion of their testimony, resulting in trafficking cases convicted under lesser charges.
History of Cypriot women
The gender neutrality of their language does not recognize women as the primary victims of such violence although over 80 percent of victims of ‘family violence’ are female, and this form of violence is obviously gendered. Since governmental and non-governmental services work within the framework of ‘family violence’, a critical gender perspective is lost. According to Pavlou,despite a shocking increase in reported rates of sexual assault, Cyprus has no specific services for survivors, and has some of the lowest conviction rates for sexual offences in Europe. In Cyprus, 83.3% of legal frameworks that promote, enforce and monitor gender equality under the SDG indicator, with a focus on violence against women, are in place. The adolescent birth rate is 7.8 per 1,000 women aged 15–19 as of 2018, up from 4.4 per 1,000 in 2017. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriots proclaimed the area the independent “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (“TRNC”).
Its operation was awarded to the association for the prevention and handling of violence in the family with a grant of €450,000 this year, Anthousi added. She noted how violence against women and girls is on the rise due to the pandemic and the war in Ukraine and expressed her “full support and respect” to all women and girls suffering.